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How to Warm up Properly before a Workout?


An image showing a person stretching out before their workout.

Starting a workout without proper preparation can leave you feeling stiff, sluggish, and increase your risk of injury. Sports physiotherapists in Edmonton recommend a proper warm-up to increase blood flow, elevate heart rate, and prepare muscles for the demands of the workout. In this article, we will discuss the importance of a proper warm-up and provide tips on how to warm up effectively before a workout.


Static Stretching

Static stretching is a type of stretching where a muscle is held in a lengthened position for a period of time, usually 15-30 seconds. While it has traditionally been used as a warm-up exercise, the importance of static stretching for warming up properly before a workout has come into question in recent years.


However, it's important to note that static stretching does have its benefits, especially for improving flexibility. When done correctly, static stretching can help increase the length of a muscle, improve joint range of motion, and reduce the risk of injury.


Additionally, static stretching exercises can be beneficial for recovery after a workout, as it can help reduce muscle soreness and stiffness. It can also be a great way to improve posture and reduce tension in the muscles, especially for those who spend a lot of time sitting or have sedentary jobs.


Foam Rolling

Foam rolling is a type of self-massage that involves using a cylindrical foam roller to apply pressure to specific areas of the body. It has become a popular tool for athletes and fitness enthusiasts for its ability to warm up the muscles, improve range of motion, and reduce the risk of injury.


One of the key benefits of foam rolling as a warm-up exercise is its ability to increase blood flow to the muscles. This increased blood flow helps to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the muscles, allowing them to perform at their best during a workout. Additionally, foam rolling can help to activate the nervous system, preparing the muscles for the demands of the workout.


Foam rolling can also help to improve flexibility and range of motion. By applying pressure to specific muscle groups, foam rolling can help to break down adhesions and knots in the muscles, allowing for greater flexibility and mobility.


Cardiovascular Exercises

Cardiovascular exercise, such as jogging, jumping jacks, or biking, is an important component of a proper warm-up routine. Cardiovascular exercise helps to warm up the muscles, increase heart rate and blood flow, and activate the nervous system, all of which are essential for preparing the body for a workout.



An image of a man running on the treadmill and facing the window.


Cardio exercises can help raise the body's core temperature, making it easier for the muscles to stretch and move through a full range of motion.

They can also help to improve heart health and cardiovascular fitness. By increasing heart rate and blood flow, cardiovascular exercise can help to improve cardiovascular function and reduce the risk of heart disease and other related health problems.


Dynamic Warm Up

According to Edmonton's sports physiotherapists, incorporating dynamic workouts into your warm-up routine can be highly effective in preparing your body for physical activity. By gradually increasing heart rate, blood flow, and body temperature and improving joint mobility, these workouts effectively prime the body for the demands of your workout.


Dynamic warm-up exercises typically involve movements that mimic the specific movements that will be performed during the workout. For example, if you are about to do a running workout, your dynamic warm-up might include exercises such as high knees, butt kicks, and leg swings. These exercises activate the muscles and tendons that will be used during the workout and can help reduce the risk of injury. The benefits of a dynamic warm-up include:


Increased Body Temperature

As you move and perform dynamic warm-up exercises, your body temperature rises, leading to improved muscle performance, flexibility, and coordination.


Improved Joint Mobility

Dynamic warm-up exercises can help improve joint mobility and range of motion, allowing you to move more freely and perform exercises with proper form and technique.


Activation of Muscles and Tendons

These exercises activate the muscles and tendons that will be used during the workout, preparing them for the demands that will be placed on them.


Activation Exercises

Activation exercises are specific exercises that are designed to warm up and "activate" the muscles that will be used during the workout. These exercises can help improve muscle performance, reduce the risk of injury, and enhance the overall effectiveness of the workout. Here are some common activation exercises that are suggested by sports physiotherapists in Edmonton. These can be incorporated into a warm-up routine taking into consideration the condition of your body.


Glute Bridges

Lie on your back with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Squeeze your glutes to raise your hips off the ground, then lower them back down. This exercise targets the glutes, hips, and lower back, which are often involved in lower-body exercises.


Shoulder Rotations

Stand with your feet hip-width apart and your arms extended out to the sides. Keeping your arms straight, rotate your arms forward, then backward. This exercise targets the shoulders and upper back, which are involved in exercises like push-ups and rows.


Leg Swings

Stand with your feet hip-width apart and hold onto a sturdy object for balance. Swing one leg forward and backward, then switch to the other leg. This exercise targets the hips and legs, which are involved in exercises like running and jumping.


Arm Circles

Stand with your feet hip-width apart and your arms extended out to the sides. Make small circles forward, then reverse and make small circles backward. This exercise targets the shoulders, which are involved in exercises like overhead presses and pull-ups.


A proper warm-up is crucial for preparing your body for the demands of a workout and reducing the risk of injury. Whether you're a beginner or a seasoned athlete, warming up before your workout can improve your performance, reduce your risk of injury, and enhance your overall experience. If you're looking for sports physiotherapy in Edmonton to help improve your performance, reach out to Reach Sports Physiotherapy + Hand Clinic. Our team of experienced physiotherapists can help you develop a warm-up routine tailored to your specific needs and goals. Contact us today to learn more about our services!

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